The United Nations is organizing a global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Summit for the Adoption of the Post-2015 Development Agenda, which will be held from 25 to 27 September 2015 in New York. Selected themes for the summit consist of ending poverty and hunger; tackling inequalities; empowering women and girls and leaving no one behind; fostering sustainable economic growth; transformation and promoting sustainable consumption and production; protecting our planet and combatting climate change; building effective, accountable and inclusive institutions to achieve sustainable development and delivering on a revitalized Global Partnership.
2015 is a critical year for sustainable development. The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which were announced at 2000, are set to expire this year. The World Bank’s measure on poverty represents that around 1 million people still live on less than $1.25 a day and more than 800 million people do not have enough food to eat. As the world is going to move to Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), identification and sharing the possible solutions have serious importance while adoption of those goals. All stakeholders from governments, academia, the United Nations, international agencies and non-governmental organizations will come together to share solutions towards the achievement of a more sustainable and inclusive world. The SDGs become applicable from January 2016 and will expire in 2030.
The above figure shows the relationship between MDGs and SDGs. Formerly, there were eight MDGs to be achieved (from 2000 to 2015). These were related to poverty, education, health, hunger and the environment, and comprised scopes about dignity, people, planet and partnership.
The Sustainable Development Goals, which will be adopted in September 2015, focusing on the same themes with an additional focus on justice and prosperity.
In general, the Post-2015 agenda is a plan of critical areas that are of importance to humanity and the planet, including action for people, planet, prosperity, universal peace and partnership. The 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and accompanied 169 targets are the signs of the importance of this new universal evolvement. These goals combine economical, environmental and social branches, which include human rights, gender equality and empowerment of all women and girls. After intense negotiations, 193 countries have agreed to implement those goals on a global scale, by the year 2030.
The Earth Overshoot day was on August 13 in 2015, four days ahead of last year’s record. Earth’s entire ecological budget for this year has already been consumed. However, with universal co-operation, change can occur. The SDGs are critical when attempting to improve living conditions globally. Everyone must work together to reach these goals. The SDGs Summit in September 2015 is just the beginning. Take action now!
Sila Temizel is the Youth Representative for the Turkey Network at SDSN Youth. All opinions expressed on the blog are the opinions of the authors and not that of SDSN Youth